Key limitations of the colloidal semiconductor nanorods that have been reported so far are a significant distribution of lengths and diameters as well as the presence of irregular shapes produced by the current synthetic routes and, finally, the poor ability to fabricate large areas of oriented nanorod arrays. Here, we report a seeded-growth approach to the synthesis of asymmetric core−shell CdSe/CdS nanorods with regular shapes and narrow distributions of rod diameters and lengths, the latter being easily tunable up to 150 nm. These rods are highly fluorescent and show linearly polarized emission, whereby the emission energy depends mainly on the core diameter. We demonstrate their lateral alignment as well as their vertical self-alignment on substrates up to areas of several square micrometers.
American Chemical Society
10 Oct 2007
Volume: 7 Issue: 10 Pages: 2942-2950