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Moderation of internal quantum mechanical energies, such as exchange energy of an unconventional contact, comprised of a system of 2-D charge carriers, improves performance merits of variable capacitors, varactors, mainly in tuning ratio (TR), and sensitivity, S. Energy transfer from the unconventional contact to the dielectric increases the energy density and enhances the capacitance of the varactor. Here, we analyze the performance of an unconventional varactor based on a planar metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) structure with an embedded layer of high-density 2-D electron gas (2DEG). Through localized field-assisted manipulation of the 2DEG density, a twice larger equilibrium capacitance and a minimum capacitance, less than the geometric capacitance of a conventional MSM, are achieved. Moreover, the maximum capacitance increases through a Batman-shaped capacitance enhancement at a …
Publication date: 
11 Dec 2013

Pouya Dianat, Richard Prusak, Anna Persano, Adriano Cola, Fabio Quaranta, Bahram Nabet

Biblio References: 
Volume: 61 Issue: 2 Pages: 445-451
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices